Continuous growth and evolution is anticipated for the Kaskilo infrastructure, rooted in a constellation of 300 LEO near-polar satellites. The initial constellation will reside at approx. 1100 km and the satellites will be distributed evenly across 12 orbit planes with 24 active (and one spare) in each plane.
Each satellite will be equipped with state-of-the-art laser communication terminals, connecting satellites within and across orbital planes with a data rate of up to 10Gbps per link. For communications between the ground and each satellite, advanced Ka-band technologies will be featured.
Latency of the connections will of course vary depending on geographical distance and number of satellites required for a connection. However, typical latencies will be less than 100ms.
Of course, 300 satellites will take time to fully deploy. The infrastructure is being designed to be flexible to support reliable operations with initial small-scale deployment, and ramp up to full capacity. The satellites will continue to evolve as new technology upgrades become available and replace satellites as they age out.
To reach for the stars, you need a solid ground base. Therefore, we plan to set up a company-owned Mission Operation Center (MOC), which will consist of a distributed network of ground antennas, monitoring and controlling both the individual satellites and the constellation as a whole. Next to preserving the health of the satellites, the key objective of the MOC will be to maintain the correct phasing of the constellation at all times.
Our satellites will also be equipped with distinct Ka-band terminals, featuring application-specific antennas, to enable direct two-way connectivity with IoT receivers. State-of-the-art phase array antenna technology is expected to enable elegant integration into moving devices (i.e. vehicles and ships). Ground-based gateway solutions will support bundling and management of communication with local devices too small for direct communication with the satellite constellation.
We aim to launch the first satellites of a demonstrator mission in 2018/2019 already. The goal of this mission will be to validate innovative communication systems both in space and on the ground. At the same time, initial applications developed together with future customers will be tested. Implementation is planned to take place two years after.